Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes typically develops after the age of 40 and is a condition caused by insulin resistance (inability to use insulin properly), a lack of insulin production, or a combination of both. This leads to an inability to properly regulate blood sugar levels.

The following risk factors increase your chances of developing type 2 diabetes:

  • A family history
  • Member of a high-risk population (e.g., Aboriginal, Asian, Hispanic or South Asian descent)
  • Being overweight

Ninety per cent of people with diabetes have Type 2. Type 2 diabetes is usually treated with lifestyle changes and might require oral medications. Insulin might also be needed if the body is not producing enough on its own. Poorly managed diabetes may lead to damage to your nerves and organs.

Education and staying in touch with your doctor and diabetes health care team are important factors in learning how to control your blood sugars and delay the onset of complications, such as heart disease.

If you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and would like to learn more your condition, please see our core program: Education Type 1 and 2.

Diabetes Health Centre Referral Form