Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes typically develops in children and young adults under the age of 30. Onset is often acute and many people discover they have diabetes only when their symptoms become so severe that they find themselves in the hospital.

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease caused by insulin deficiency, which results in an inability to properly regulate blood sugar levels. Insulin is a hormone that enables cells to use sugar or glucose. Without it, glucose cannot get into cells and therefore builds up in the blood.

With Type 1, the cells that make insulin are dying and so in order to compensate, you will need to take insulin for the rest of your life. While this type of diabetes is treated with insulin, diet and exercise, poorly managed diabetes may lead to damage to your nerves and organs.

Insulin pens make taking insulin more flexible and convenient, and insulin pumps are now covered by Pharmacare, up to age 25. For more information please visit our FAQ section.

If you have been diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes and would like to learn more your condition, please see our core program: Education Type 1 and 2.

Diabetes Health Centre Referral Form